Concentration of poverty measures the neighborhoods in which 25% or more of the residents have incomes below the poverty line by census block group.
Poverty is highly correlated to health outcomes. A proportion of individuals living in poverty indicates a lack of educational and employment opportunities1. In addition, individuals living in poverty have limited or no access to adequate food, health insurance, and health care1. Living in poverty also puts individuals at risk for exposure to unhealthy environments2. The consequences of living in poverty lead to poor health outcomes2.
1 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission to Build a Healthier America. http://www.commissiononhealth.org/Income.aspx
2 California Newsreel, Nationality Minority Consortia, Joint Center Health Policy Institute. Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick? http://www.unnaturalcauses.org/resources.php?topic_id=7
U.S. 2000 Census table SF3 records P087001: Total population for whom poverty status is determined and P087002: Income in 1999 below poverty level at summary levels 140 and 150.