Percent of children under 18 years of age in poverty is the number of children living in families with income below poverty divided by the number of children under 18 for whom poverty status could be determined, and multiplied by 100.
Children living in poverty experience the greatest health disadvantages when growing up in poverty. The health effects of living in poverty for children is cumulative and carries into adulthood even when their financial situation improves. Children living in poverty are exposed to conditions that can cause injury, malnutrition, and lack of health care1. Child poverty often leads to lower educational attainment and therefore to lower income in adulthood. It can also lead to physical changes in brain development limiting childrenâ€™s chances to succeed and be healthy2.
1 California Newsreel, Nationality Minority Consortia, Joint Center Health Policy Institute. Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick? http://www.unnaturalcauses.org/resources.php?topic_id=7
2 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission to Build a Healthier America. http://www.commissiononhealth.org/LifeExperience.aspx
The data is from field P087: Poverty Status in 1999 by Age of census table SF3 from the 2000 census for summary levels 140 and 150.