Crimes against persons measure the rate per 1000 persons of reported Part 1 criminal offenses of the Uniform Crime Report including murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. This indicator is also referred to as the violent crime rate. Criminal offenses are calculated as a rate per 1,000 people in order to reflect the concentration of the problem relative to the population of the area, and allows for greater comparability.
The crime rate is a widely used indicator to assess the level of safety in an area. Crime rates are also linked to poorer health outcomes such as mental illness, drug and alcohol abuse, violence, and mortality rates1. High crime rates are also linked to other determinants such as income, education, stress, and race2. High crime rates contribute to poor physical, economic, and social environments and limits the amount of resources and services available to communities, which lead to poorer health outcomes3.
1 Dr RÃ¼diger Krech (Director, WHO Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights): Social Determinants of Health, May 17, 2010
3 California Newsreel, Nationality Minority Consortia, Joint Center Health Policy Institute. Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick? http://www.unnaturalcauses.org/resources.php?topic_id=6&filter_type_id=11&page=2
Data Source: CT Uniform Crime Reports: http://www.dir.ct.gov/dps/ucr/ucr.aspx